Your skin is your body’s largest organ and it is important that you care for it. The first step to skincare is understanding what type of skin you have. Is your skin oily? Is it dry? Are you sensitive to certain skincare ingredients? Knowing your skin type is a crucial step in determining what skincare products you should use and incorporate in your skincare routine.

It’s important to know that your skin type can change. Many things affect your skin type like ageing, hormonal changes and your environment. Doing a periodic “check-in” and recognizing changes in your skin can help keep your skin looking fresh and rejuvenated.

How To Tell What Skin Type You Have – The 5 Skin Types


Skin Type 1: Normal

“Normal” skin is used to describe well-balanced skin. This skin type is an even balance between oily and dry. While oiliness and dryness can be present, it is usually rare and easy to get rid of. If you have normal skin, you usually aren’t prone to breakouts or blemishes and have a well-moisturized t-zone. Pores are small and not easily visible in normal skin, as well. Though this skin type isn’t prone to breakouts and generally requires less maintenance, it is important to find the right skincare regimen to keep your skin looking its best. Those with normal skin should use products that don’t make their skin feel too greasy, perhaps a serum or water-based moisturizer. Similarly, it is important to avoid products that have skin drying qualities. Finding the right balance between the two is the key to keeping normal skin looking healthy and refreshed.


Skin Type 2: Dry

People with this skin type often experience patches and flaking. Pores are usually invisible and the skin may feel “tight.” Many with dry skin acquire premature wrinkles and regular irritation to the skin and “redness” to the skin. People with this skin type should avoid harsh cleansers and toners.

What causes dry skin?

There are a variety of causes of dry skin. Sometimes, it is the environment (season or location) – many places in the world with cold/dry air cause dryness in the skin. Other times, dry skin is hereditary or caused by genetics. (i.e. not producing enough sebum) Sebum is an oily substance produced in the skin’s oil glands and is responsible for keeping our skin soft.


Skin Type 3: Oily

“Oily” skin refers to skin that is often shiny and producing excess oil (sebum) from the skin’s oil glands. People with this skin type tend to suffer from excessive breakouts and very visible pores. Due to the excessive production of oil, the size of your pores and result in clogged pores which later become pimples or blemishes.

What causes oily skin?

Similar to dry skin, there are many factors that can play into oily skin. Oily skin is a mix of both genetic factors and hormonal changes. Many people have oily skin due to a genetic predisposition which causes their oil glands to produce a higher amount of sebum. This oil is produced in both hair and skin follicles. Hormonal changes are also a cause of oily skin. When there is a fluctuation in hormone levels, the body produces more sebum.


Skin Type 4: Combination

Combination skin refers to skin that is a mix between two different skin types. Dry/Oily combination skin is the most common, however, but can also be a mix of two other skin types. This skin type presents one skin type in certain areas of the face and another in others. While combination skin is the most common skin type, it is often hard to identify and treat. It is common in combination skin to have a shiny t-zone as these places typically possess more active oil glands than other areas like your cheeks. People with combination skin often find that chemically based products that contain benzoyl peroxide tend to make dry areas drier and cause the oily areas to have increased production of sebum. When caring for combination skin it is helpful to use two different moisturizers for the different areas of the face.


Skin Type 5: Sensitive

Sensitive skin type presents characteristics of all skin types but also deals with a great amount of irritation and redness. People with sensitive skin types are more prone to skin conditions like rosacea and eczema. Sensitive skin types are easily irritated and inflamed, so it is important to take the natural approach when it comes to finding the right skincare products. Avoid using harsh or drying products to prevent excess redness and inflammation of the skin.


How can I find the right skin care routine for my skin type?

We can help with that! Coastal Bliss facials are carefully curated to accommodate each and every skin type. Our skincare professionals can help you find out what skin type you have and recommend products that’ll help keep your skin glowing at all times! Book your Coastal Bliss facial here!

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